Parkhouse Colliery was just one of the many collieries that was situated in the area of Clay Cross.
In 1882 it was the scene of a dreadful disaster with 34 lives lost. A memorial was erected in the local cemetery in memory of all the victims of that tragic disaster.
On the crossroad's of Stretton Road, High Street, Clay Lane and
Thanet Street once stood the cross from which the town
derived its name.
The stone that the cross once stood in can today be found in
St Bartholomew's Church Yard in the town.
Clay Cross is a small town standing 420 feet above sea level
on the A61, 5 mile south of Chesterfield, 20 mile north of Derby.
The now A61 and Clay Cross go back to the Roman times when the main road was called Rykneld Street.
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Whilst constructing the line coal and iron was found. Prompting George to sink several colliery shafts bringing money to the town.
In 1851 he also founded the Clay Cross Company known localy as (Clay Cross Works) later known as Biwater.
The company was closed in 2000 with the loss of 700 jobs.
Early Christians are thought to have erected the cross on a pilgrimage.
The Parish Church ( St Bartholomew) was founded in 1851. The churchyard was closed for burials in 1878 because of the heavy death rate.
In the early nineteenth century Clay Cross was rural. Just a handfull of houses on the crossroads.
George Stephenson inventor of the Rocket, Railway Pioneer changed the area in 1837 by building the Clay Cross Tunnel for his new mainline, Derby to Leeds.
Biwater Clay Cross
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I hope you find something interesting about our town
(Clay Cross) in Derbyshire.
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