Clay Cross Today

Clay Cross Derbyshire


Parkhouse Colliery that was situated in Danesmoor. It was the scene of a  disaster in 1882 with 34 lives lost.

A memorial was erected in the local cemetery in memory of all the victims of that tragic disaster.




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On the crossroad's of Stretton Road, High Street, Clay Lane and

Thanet Street stood the cross from which the town derived its name.

The stone that the cross stood in can today be found in St Bartholomew's Church Yard.

Early Christians are thought to have erected the cross on a pilgrimage.

The Parish Church ( St Bartholomew) was founded in 1851. The churchyard was closed for burials in 1878 because of the heavy death rate.


In the early nineteenth century Clay Cross was rural. George Stephenson inventor of the Rocket, Railway Pioneer. He changed the area in 1837 by building the Clay Cross Tunnel for his main line,

Derby to Leeds.

Whilst in construction he found coal and iron. Prompting him to sink several colliery shafts.

In 1851 he also founded the Clay Cross Company

(Clay Cross Works) later known as Biwater.

 The company was finally closed in 2000 with the loss of 700 jobs


Clay Cross stands 420 feet above sea level on the A61, 5 mile south of Chesterfield, 20 mile north of Derby.

The A61 and Clay Cross go back to the Roman times the main road was then called Rykneld Street.


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